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The Effectiveness of Communicative Language Teaching to Teach Speaking Viewed from Students’ Learnin

ABSTRACT
RDJ Hurustiyati R.N.K. 2011. The Effectiveness of Communicative Language Teaching to Teach Speaking Viewed from Students’ Learning Motivation (An Experimental Study on the 11th Grade Students of SMA Negeri 1 Boyolali in the Academic Year of 2010/2011). English Department of Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Sebelas Maret University. Surakarta.

This research is intended to find out whether: (1) Communicative language teaching is more effective than audiolingual method to teach speaking to the 11th grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Boyolali in the academic year of 2010/2011; (2) The students having high motivation have better speaking skill than the students having low motivation to the 11th grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Boyolali in the academic year of 2010/2011; (3) There is an interaction between teaching methods and learning motivation to teach speaking to the 11th grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Boyolali in the academic year of 2010/2011.
The research is an experimental study that conducted in SMA Negeri 1 Boyolali. The population of the research is the 11th grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Boyolali in academic year of 2010/2011. The research used cluster random sampling to get the sample. There were two classes consisting of 64 students involved in this study. The experimental group was taught using communicative language teaching and the control group was taught using audiolingual method for nine meetings. The researcher gained quantitative data for this research. They are the students’ level of motivation and the speaking score test of the students after the treatments. The students’ level of motivation was gained from questionnaire and the speaking score was gained from speaking test. The data of speaking test were analyzed by using multifactor analysis 2x2, then followed by analyzing them using Tuckey test.
Based on the result of data analysis, it can be concluded that: (1) Communicative language teaching is more effective than audiolingual method to teach speaking; (2) The students having high motivation have better speaking skill than the students having low motivation; (3) There is an interaction between teaching methods and learning motivation to teach speaking.
The research findings of the study imply that communicative language teaching is more effective than audiolingual method to teach speaking for the students having high motivation and audiolingual method is more effective than communicative language teaching for the students having low motivation. Therefore, it is proposed that English teacher uses communicative language teaching to teach speaking and considers that motivation is one of the critical factors that influence the students in teaching learning process.

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