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IMPROVING STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILL IN DESCRIBING AN OBJECT THROUGH CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (An Action Research Study Conducted at Class VIII B of SMP Negeri 3 Mojolaban in the Academic Year of 2011/2012)

ABSTRACT



 

Nur Eka Yulia Ngestia. K2208041.IMPROVING STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILL IN DESCRIBING AN OBJECT THROUGH CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING (An Action Research Study Conducted at Class VIII B of SMP Negeri 3 Mojolaban in the Academic Year of 2011/2012). A Thesis, English Education Department, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. 2012.


The objectives of the research are: (1) to investigate whether and to what extent Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) can improve speaking skill in describing an object; and (2) to identify the situation when CTL is implemented in the speaking class.

This research was conducted at SMP Negeri 3 Mojolaban, Sukoharjo. It was carried out from September 2011 up to December 2011. The subject of the research was the students of class VIII B of SMP Negeri 3 Mojolaban, Sukoharjo in the academic year of 2011/2012. It was classified as Classroom Action Research (CAR) and conducted in two cycles. The techniques of collecting data were interview, observation, document analysis, and test. The data were classified into two kinds; qualitative data and quantitative data. The technique of analyzing qualitative data used five steps by McKernan in Burns (1999: 156-160). Those were assembling the data, coding the data, comparing the data, building interpretations, and reporting the outcomes. Meanwhile, the quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

The research findings show that teaching speaking through CTL in describing an object can improve (1) students’ speaking skill: (a) the students could pronounce words they used correctly; (b) the students expressed their idea more fluently with less looking at note; (c) the students could use appropriate vocabulary in their description; (d) the students could use stress on the words they used; (e) the students could produce grammatically correct sentences; (f) the students could describe something based on the generic structure of descriptive text; (g) the students were brave to communicate with foreigner. Moreover, the classroom situation became more conducive in learning speaking. (a) The students communicated with their friends in group and foreigner; (b) All students had the same chance to practice English in group and to communicate with foreigner; (c) The students happily communicated with foreigner; (d) The students actively practiced English to foreigner. Besides, the improvement of students’ speaking skill can be seen from the result of the test. The mean score was 65.33 in pre-test. It increased to 73.97 in post-test 1 and went up to 77.62 in post-test 2.

In conclusion, implementing CTL in teaching speaking can improve students’ speaking skill in describing an object. The students actively involve in teaching and learning process so they are more motivated to learn. Therefore, CTL can be one of alternative methods in teaching speaking.

Key words: CAR,speaking skill, CTL

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