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IMPROVING WRITING SKILL BY USING CARTOON FILM AT THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENT OF SMP NEGERI 1 AYAH KEBUMEN IN 2009/2010 ACADEMIC YEAR

ABSTRACT

Bodhi Kanti Astuti. X2208507. “IMPROVING WRITING SKILL BY USING CARTOON FILM AT THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENT OF SMP NEGERI 1 AYAH KEBUMEN IN 2009/2010 ACADEMIC YEAR". Thesis, Surakarta: Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Sebelas Maret University, 2011.

This research is a classroom action research. It is aimed at finding out whether cartoon film can improve the students’ ability in writing recount texts and overcome the students’ difficulty in writing recount texts.

The approach used in this research is classroom action research. The subject of this study is the Eight grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Ayah. The action research was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four steps: planning, action, observation, and reflection. In collecting the data, the researcher used qualitative and quantitative method. In qualitative method, the researcher used observational and non-observational technique. Observational technique consists of observation, field notes, and photographs, while non-observational technique consists of interview, questionnaires and documents. In quantitative method, the data were obtained from the test. The tests were pre-test and post-test. Then, the researcher analyzes the mean scores of the tests. The test is used to find out the improvement of the students’ writing after the research is conducted.

The result of the research shows that there are positive improvements in both student writing skill and the class situation during the teaching learning process. It can be seen from the result of the test which improved, from the comparison between the pre-test conducted before the action and the post-test conducted after the action. The means scores of the result are 62.8 for the pre-test, 68.7 for the post- test in cycle 1, and 70.9 for the post-test in cycle 2.

Some strengths of using cartoon film in teaching writing were: the students were more motivated in joining the writing class, the film presents the attractive moving pictures and sounds so that they got feeling of relax before they wrote their story; they paid much attention when the films were played; they were also more confident when they were asked to write individually. However, a weakness of using short films in writing class was a few students still got difficulties in finding appropriate words with the correct spelling.

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