“IMPROVING STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY MASTERY THROUGH TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE (TPR) FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Thursday, 02 February 2012 21:08
Milani Fitri Astutik. NIM X2206015. “IMPROVING STUDENTS’
VOCABULARY MASTERY THROUGH TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE
(TPR) FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL” (A Classroom Action Research at
the Fourth Grade Students of SD Negeri 01 Blulukan 1 in the 2010/2011
Academic Year). Thesis, Surakarta: Teacher Training and Education Faculty,
Sebelas Maret University, May, 2011.
The objectives of this research are firstly, to identify whether TPR can
improve the vocabulary mastery of the fourth grade students. Secondly, to identify
whether TPR can improve the student’s attention and concentration of the fourth
grade students of SD Blulukan 1 in the 2010/2011academic year.
Related to the purposes of the study, the research design used in this study
was action research. The subject of the study was the students of the fourth grade
of SD Negeri 01 Blulukan in the academic year of 2010/2011. There were 26
students as the subject. The action research was conducted from January to
February 2011. In this research, the researcher taught Vocabulary mastery through
Total Physical Response.
The researcher conducted two cycles of action. The result of the action
showed that after the researcher conducted the actions, the students’ vocabulary
mastery improved as shown in the result of the both the observation of the
students activities during the actions and their pre-test and post-test mean scores.
From the observation, the researcher found that during the action, the
students have shown their improvement such as they were able to spell words
correctly. Beside that, the students could pronounce the words. Then, the students
could use the words easier. The last, the students can conduct the meaning of
From the vocabulary mastery test, the students’ pre-test mean score was
5.07, increasing to 6.65 in the first post-test and increasing to 7.79 in the final
post-test. Therefore, it can be concluded that teaching vocabulary mastery through
total physical response can improve the students’ vocabulary mastery.
The writer concludes that total physical response can improve the students’
vocabulary mastery and build a good attitude in teaching- learning process. Total
physical response is a language teaching method built around the coordination of
speech and action. It attempts to teach through physical (motor) activities.
Therefore, the teacher can use total physical response method to overcome the
student’s problems in learning English, especially in mastering vocabulary and to
circumstance the class situation.